# Calculate the molality of a 20 by mass ammonium sulfate

Asked by wiki @ in Chemistry viewed by 886 People

Calculate the molality of a 20.0% by mass ammonium sulfate (nh4)2so4 solution. the density of the solution is 1.117 g/ml.

Hello!

We have the following data:

m1 (solute mass) = 20 % m/m
M1 (Molar mass of solute) (NH4)2 SO4 = ?
m2 (mass of the solvent) = ? (in Kg)

First we find the solute mass (m1), knowing that:

20% m/m = 20g/100mL

20 ------ 100 mL (0,1 L)
y g --------------- 1 L

y = 20/0,1
y = 200 g --> m1 = 200 g

Let's find Solute's Molar Mass, let's see:

M1 of (Nh4)2SO4
N = 2*14 = 28
H = (2*4)*1 = 8
S = 1*32 = 32
O = 4*16 = 64
----------------------
M1 of (Nh4)2SO4 = 28+8+32+64 => M1 = 132 g/mol

We must find the volume of the solvent and therefore its mass (m2), let us see:

d = 1,117 g/mL
m = 200 g
v (volumen of solute) = ?  The solvent volume will be:

1000 -179 => V = 821 mL (volumen of disolvent)

If: 1 mL = 1g

Then the mass of the solvent is:

m2 (mass of the solvent) = 821 g → m2 (mass of the solvent) = 0,821 Kg

Now, we apply all the data found to the formula of Molality, let us see:    _________________________________
_________________________________

Another way to find the answer:

We have the following data:

W (molality) = ? (in molal)
n (number of mols) = ?
m1 (solute mass) = 20 % m/m = 20g/100mL → (in g to 1L) = 200 g
m2 (disolvent mass) the remaining percentage, in the case: 80 % m/m = 800 g → m2 (disolvent mass) = 0,8 Kg
M1 (Molar mass of solute) (NH4)2 SO4
N = 2*14 = 28
H = (2*4)*1 = 8
S = 1*32 = 32
O = 4*16 = 64
----------------------
M1 of (Nh4)2SO4 = 28+8+32+64 => M1 = 132 g/mol

Let's find the number of mols (n), let's see:   Now, we apply all the data found to the formula of Molality, let us see:   I hope this helps. =)

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